Lesson 2: The God Revealed in the Old Testament Was the One Who Became Jesus Christ!
This lesson focuses on key scriptures in the Bible where God reveals highly significant things about His nature and actions.
The following is a condensed popular story by the late Paul Harvey:
There was a nonreligious skeptical man who just couldn't swallow the
"Jesus story" about an Incarnation, about God coming to earth as a man.
But one snowy evening he noticed a flock of birds huddled miserably
in the snow, not having any shelter. Well, he couldn't let the poor
creatures lie there and freeze, and he thought about his barn. That
would provide a warm shelter, if he could direct the birds to it.
Quickly he went to the barn, opened the doors wide and turned on a
light, but the birds did not come in. He figured food would entice them
in. So he hurried back to the house, found some bread crumbs that he
sprinkled on the snow, making a trail to the doorway of the barn. But
to his dismay, the birds ignored the bread crumbs, and continued to
flap around helplessly in the snow. He tried catching them... He tried
shooing them into the barn by walking around them waving his arms... Instead,
they scattered in every direction, except into the warm, lighted barn.
And then, he realized that they were afraid of him. To them, he reasoned,
I am a strange and terrifying creature. If only I could think of some
way to let them know that they can trust me... That I am not trying to
hurt them, but to help them. But how? Because any move he made tended
to frighten them, they just would not follow. They would not be led
or shooed because they feared him.
"If only I could be a bird," he thought to himself, "and mingle with
them and speak their language. Then I could tell them not to be afraid.
Then I could show them the way to the safe, warm barn. But I would have
to be one of them so they could see, and hear and understand."
That thought became an epiphany. Stunned, he remembered the fundamental
message: "And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us" (John 1:14).
Suddenly the gospel he had heard made complete sense! He dropped to
his knees in the snow.
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What Does the Bible Tell Us About the Father and the Son—the God Family?
There is much confusion about this subject. There is only one God, but God
is a family, composed of God the Father and God the Son. The Son is also called
"the Word" who became Jesus Christ (John 1:1, 14). They are also "one" in
the sense that the Father and Son are identical in character.
Notice the plural pronouns in Genesis 1:26: "Then God said, 'Let Us make
man in Our image, according to Our likeness'" (emphasis
The Bible clearly identifies two Beings who make up the one God. But what
about the Holy Spirit? The Bible doesn't describe the Holy Spirit as a separate
divine Being. It is revealed as the Spirit of God the Father and Jesus Christ—the
power that emanates from Them that They use for many different purposes.
The idea of God being a "Trinity" became popular centuries after Jesus Christ's
time. It is not taught by the Bible. That idea originated in ancient paganism.
The Bible is full of many, many proofs that God
is not a Trinity. However, disproving the Trinity is not the subject of
One widespread misconception is that there was a difference—in fact, a major
difference—in the character of the God of the Old Testament (primarily strict
and harsh) and Jesus Christ in the New Testament (merciful and loving). This
lesson will show the surprising biblical truth.
First, can we prove that Jesus existed prior to His human birth?
"And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory
which I had with You before the world was."
John 17:24, Contemporary English Version
"Father... you loved me before the world was created."
And He [Jesus] said to them, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from
In Luke 10, Jesus refers to the fall of Satan that occurred before the creation
of Adam and Eve. Many other scriptures could be quoted to prove that Jesus
existed prior to His human birth. For example, Luke 10:22 shows that Jesus,
and only Jesus, had firsthand, intimate knowledge of God the Father. The next
section further proves Jesus' preexistence.
Was Jesus Christ also God before and after His incarnation?
"Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call
His name Immanuel," which is translated, "God with us."
John 1:1-2, 14
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was
God. He was in the beginning with God...
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the
glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
"I [Jesus] and My Father are one."
In John 1, we learn that "in the beginning" there were two Beings who both
were God. The rest of the chapter clearly shows that the One called the Word
was the One who became Jesus Christ. He was incarnated—"became flesh"—at His
human birth, but He existed forever prior to that.
The New Testament is full of proof that Jesus was God. Jesus did what only
God could do: forgive sins and raise the dead. Jesus allowed people to worship
Him. Paul refers to Jesus in Titus 1:3 and 2:10 as "God our Savior." And
since Jesus was and is God, that means He has existed for all eternity!
What passage most clearly shows that Jesus was the God of the Old
1 Corinthians 10:1-4
Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were
under the cloud, all passed through the sea, all were baptized into Moses
in the cloud and in the sea, all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank
the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed
them, and that Rock was Christ.
Plainly, the God who was leading the Israelites out of Egypt, through the
Red Sea and into the Promised Land was Christ! Christ provided manna to eat
(Exodus 16:4, 31, 35) and water to drink, sometimes from solid rock (Exodus
17:6). Calling the food and drink "spiritual" has a dual meaning: It was supernaturally
provided, plus it also represented the spiritual sustenance Christ was providing
as the bread of life and the water of life (John 4:14; 6:30-35).
What does the New Testament and Jesus Himself say about God the Father
that prove the Father was not the God of the Old Testament?
No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom
of the Father, He has declared Him.
"And the Father Himself, who sent Me [Jesus], has testified of Me.
You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His form."
"Not that anyone has seen the Father, except He [Jesus] who is from
God; He has seen the Father."
The God of the Old Testament many times visibly appeared to people
and audibly spoke to people, which proves He was not God the Father.
Who was the actual Creator of the universe, the earth and
For by Him [Jesus Christ] all things were created that are in heaven and that
are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities
or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him.
And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.
...God who created all things through Jesus Christ.
All things were made through Him [the Word], and without Him nothing was made
that was made.
God the Father authorized the creation, but it was Christ who actually did
the creating. John 1:3 is clearly referring to the Word, the One who became
Jesus Christ, as the rest of the chapter shows. Colossians 1:17 verifies that
He had to exist "before all things," since He created all things.
Who originally made the Sabbath a holy day?
And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested
on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.
Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested
from all His work which God had created and made.
And He [Jesus] said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, and not
man for the Sabbath. Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath."
The word sanctify means to set something apart as sacred or holy.
When God rested on the seventh day, He made it holy. Mark 2:28 clearly implies
that Jesus Christ is the One who made it holy.
How does the name "I AM" help prove that Jesus was the God of the
Then Moses said to God, "Indeed, when I come to the children of Israel
and say to them, 'The God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and they
say to me, 'What is His name?' what shall I say to them?"
And God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM." And He said, "Thus
you shall say to the children of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.'"
Jesus said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was,
Then they took up stones to throw at Him; but Jesus hid Himself and went out
of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.
For what reason did the Jewish adversaries try to stone Jesus? Because He
referred to Himself with one of the names of God, the name by which God revealed
Himself to Moses. It would have angered the Jews if Jesus had said, "Before
Abraham, I was" or "Before Abraham, I existed." But by Jesus referring to
Himself as "I AM," they were angered even more because He was clearly and
pointedly identifying Himself as God.
Some other places where Jesus referred to Himself as "I AM" are John 8:24,
28; 13:19; 18:5, 8. Notice in John 18:6 that when Jesus identified Himself
as "I AM" to the arresting party, they were miraculously knocked to the ground.
Notice how "I am" is included when Jesus identifies Himself as "the bread
of life" (John 6:48), "the light of the world" (John 8:12), "the door" (John
10:9), "the good shepherd" (John 10:11), "the resurrection and the life" (John
11:25), "the way, the truth, and the life" (John 14:6) and "the true vine"
(John 15:1). These are often referred to as the seven great "I AMs." Significantly,
in the Old Testament, God identifies Himself in some of the same ways, such
as being our shepherd, our light and our life.
What can we learn from studying the subject of Melchizedek?
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was the priest
of God Most High.
[Melchizedek, who was] without father, without mother, without genealogy,
having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son
of God, remains a priest continually.
And having been perfected, He [Jesus] became the author of eternal salvation
to all who obey Him, called by God as High Priest "according to the
order of Melchizedek."
Melchizedek appeared to Abraham as both a king and priest. In fact, He was
"king of righteousness" and "king of peace" (Hebrews 7:1-2). Verse 3 reveals
that he was an eternal divine being, having no "beginning of days nor end
of life." A careful reading of Hebrews 7 proves that Melchizedek was the Word,
the One who became Jesus Christ.
Knowing that the God of the Old Testament was the One who became Jesus Christ
shows how totally false the idea is that there was a difference in the character
of the God of the Old Testament and Jesus Christ in the New Testament! They
are one and the same. Knowing this also supports the fact that there is perfect
continuity and harmony between the Old and New Testaments. The Old Testament
serves as the foundation for the further revelations in the New Testament.
As we've seen, Jesus Christ came to reveal the Father. So contrary to popular
belief, the Old Testament reveals the Word, and the New Testament reveals
If previous to this lesson you thought that the God who spoke and appeared
in the Old Testament was God the Father, you may now have quite a challenge
in changing your perspective. To get you started, jot down three or more
main things you remember about God from the Old Testament, and then substitute
"the Word" where you previously thought of "the Father." Next, jot down
three or more main things you remember about Jesus Christ from the New Testament,
and focus on how that same Jesus Christ was also the divine being who spoke
to and interacted with human beings throughout the Old Testament. Once you
get used to this perspective, the whole Bible will make more sense to you.
Next Lesson: Understanding Genesis 1 and 2 and God's Work of Creation
Questions about this lesson? Feedback about
Who Was Jesus?
Christ: The 'Rock' of the Old Testament
and the Old Testament
Who Was Melchizedek?
Is God a Trinity?